Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea

You must have read our article on Africa Countries That Speak Spanish, similarly this time we will be considering Africa Countries that Speak Spanish. Africa is a diverse continent with different ethnicity though predominantly blacks. The continent is the second most populous continent on earth behind Asia, and this population is scattered across 54 nations of the continent. Out of these countries, those speak and adopt Spanish as their official language and lingua franca. The actual result of an Africa Country Speaking Spanish is an agreement between the Portuguese and the Spanish in the late 18th century. Therefore, this article focuses on the list of all Africa Countries that Speak Spanish and all You Need to know about them.

Here are the few commonly asked questions as regard countries in Africa that speak Spanish 2019

  • Countries That Speak Spanish
  • Speak Spanish Countries
  • The Spanish Speaking Countries
  • What Countries Speak Spanish
  • Which Countries Speak Spanish


Presently, there is only one Africa Country that Speaks Spanish; it serves as the official and national language in the country. To start with, you can see below the land and its capital.

S/N Countries Capital
1.       Equatorial Guinea Malabo


What Are The Africa Countries That Speak Spanish?

Amazingly, Equatorial Guinea happens to be the only Africa Country that Speaks Spanish. Spanish in this country other than French and Portuguese is an official language. The language is spoken by about 67.6% of the population in the country, known as ‘Equatoguinean Spanish’ to be exact. Equatoguinean Spanish is a kind of Spanish that is mixed with some aspects of African phonology and morphology, as well as words of African/Bantu origin. The country uses Spanish for administrative and educational purpose. This thereby explains why it is predominantly spoken in and around the country’s capital city Malabo and Bioko Island as well. More details about this country will be available below

The region was first colonized by Portugal sometime in the fifteenth century. There was a give-and-take for land in South America, due to Spanish control of the Island of Fernando Pó (known today as Isla de Bioko). Subsequently in the 19th century precisely around 1880, the clamor for Africa begins, giving the Germans controlling Cameroon and the French were in control of Gabon. The rather small chunk of land of mainland Equatorial Guinea was allocated to Spain. The Spanish who then focused on profitable cocoa and coffee growth on Fernando Pó (that was until they turned their attention to the mainland after neglecting it for so long in the 1930s. The colony finally received independence in 1968. Not having it easy throughout the following years until today, having fallen under a dictatorship in 1979. It may have something to do with the Spanish wanting to seize control of British slave trade sources.

  • Spanish in Equatorial Guinea

Spanish is both an official and national language of Equatorial Guinea. The native language is known as Equatoguinean Spanish and is spoken by about 70% of the populace. Spanish was received as the official language in 1844. It is expressed in schools as the essential language of training, in open social events, private and government workplaces, and everyday correspondence. Colonialists and missionaries presented the word during the country's colonial era. Albeit Spanish is across the board in the nation, it is the first language to a smaller part of the population. Majority of the individuals who communicate in Spanish as a primary language are situated in significant urban communities where the influence of the nearby local dialects is minimal or children with parents speaking diverse native languages.

  • French in Equatorial Guinea

French was received as an official language of Equatorial Guinea in 1988. It is a mandatory subject instructed in schools even though it is taught in Spanish at a junior school level. Equatorial Guinea embraced French to fortify financial ties with other Francophone nations. It is spoken by under 10% of the populace, and principally in towns bordering French-speaking nations. French is gradually being embraced as a correspondence language in Equatorial Guinea as foreigners relocate into the government from Cameroon, Gabon, and other West African countries.

  • Portuguese in Equatorial Guinea

We cannot bt write about this under the subject Africa Countries That Speak Spanish; Equatorial Guinea received Portuguese as an official language in 2010. The nation embraced the utilization of the language at a precise dimension with the point of picking up participation to the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP). A Portuguese creole language known as Annobonese is used to communicate on the islands of Annobón and Bioko. The Portuguese language is taught in school, yet it isn't obligatory.

  • Other Languages Spoken in Equatorial Guinea.

An extra fifteen languages are spoken in Equatorial Guinea that doesn't have official or national status. These languages are Fang, Bube, Combe, Pidgin English, Annobonese, Igbo, Benga, Ndowe, Balengue, Bujeba, Bissio, Gumu, Pichinglis, Fa d'Ambô, Baseke, and these provincial or local dialects are restricted to specific regions. Out of these dialects, the primary rural dialects incorporate Fang that is spoken by 550,000, Bube (51,000), Kwasio (13,000), Seki (11,000), and Batanga (9,000). Dialects, for example, Yasa, Molengue, and Gyele have under 2,000 speakers.

  • About Equatorial Guinea

It is important we write about this subtopic here on the topic Africa Countries that Speak Spanish. Equatorial Guinea is a small country situated in the Central region of Africa comprising of two sections: the mainland (Rio Muni territory) and Island. The Island is included of the island of Bioko which is found on the Gulf of Guinea and the minor island of Annobon which is on the separate district of the country and is also situated toward the south of the equator just as other five volcanic offshore islands. The country occupies a territory of 11,000 square miles, housing an estimated populace of 1.36 million people. The land was so named as a result of its nearness to the equator and the Gulf of Guinea. The Capital city is Malabo situated on Bioko Island, known to have Spanish colonial architecture, likewise the center for the nation's prosperous oil industry. Its Arena Blanca shoreline attracts dry-season butterflies. The tropical woodland of the terrain's Monte Alen National Park is home to gorillas, chimpanzees, and elephants.

Equatorial Guinea is among the biggest oil producers in sub-Sahara Africa and has the most astounding per capita pay in the continent. Its GDP per capita dependent on purchasing power parity (PPP) is the 43rd highest in the world. In spite of its wealth, the country has the most top uneven dissemination of wealth, and the returns from oil have profited just a handful of residents in the country. As indicated by the United Nations, the nation is positioned at 135 under the human development index as of 2016. About half of the country's population do not have access to clean and safe drinking water, and about 20% of kids in the country die before they achieve the age of five.

  • Equatorial Guinea Economy

Before gaining independence, Equatorial Guinea exports cocoa, coffee, and timber, for the most part to its colonial ruler, Spain, yet in addition to Germany and the United Kingdom. The wellspring of its riches is the exportation of crude oil. Very nearly 60% of the nation is covered in trees, and forestry (both legitimate and illicit) used to be its most dominant source of income. That has plunged to an irrelevant 5% of total income, however, on account of the discovery of dark gold (crude oil) in the mid-1990s, which gave Equatorial Guinea is one of a kind Spindletop gusher moment. Presently it's Africa's third-biggest oil exporter, with Exxon Mobil Corp. what's more, other sources of income are small unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, and uranium. Furthermore, angling likewise makes up a unique piece of the nation's assets.

  • Structure of the Equatorial Guinea Government

The leader of the country fills in as both the administration of the nation and the head of state too in the presidential republic of an Equatorial Guinea. A presidential republic where the elected president fills in as the legislature and the head of rules is contained in the 1982 constitution of Guinea that clarifies a Republic as a democracy.

The Executive Arm of Equatorial Guinea Government As One Of The Africa Countries That Speak Spanish

Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea

The Head of State and the administration which is the president is voted in by a prominent vote in favor for seven years has the option to choose and furthermore reject the cabinet members, he likewise can require the sound decisions just as dissolving them. Teodoro Obiang is the longest-serving president in Africa, which is the leader of Equatorial Guinea that has been in power since 1979.

The Legislative Arm of Equatorial Guinea Government As One Of The Africa Countries That Speak Spanish

The assembly of people's Representative that is the lower place of the parliament comprising of hundred members that are elected by a proportional system for five years and the Senate that is comprised of the fifty-five members are the two bodies that made up the legislature of Equatorial Guinea.

The Judicial Arm of Equatorial Guinea Government As One Of The Africa Countries That Speak Spanish

A legal system that has civil and customary laws are the two parts of the law system that the judicial part of Equatorial Guinea depends on. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the legal system.

  • Administrative Divisions

Equatorial Guinea was formerly divided into seven provinces. Presently it has eight regions. The newest province created is Djibloho in 2017 with its headquarters at Ciudad de la Paz, the country's proposed future capital. The other seven areas are as follows:

S/N Provinces Capitals
1.       Annobón San Antonio de Palé
2.       Bioko Norte Malabo
3.       Bioko Sur Luba
4.       Centro Sur Evinayong
5.       Kié-Ntem Ebebiyín
6.       Litoral Bata
7.       Wele-Nzas Mongomo

Note: The provinces are further divided into districts.

  • Colonization of Equatorial Guinea

Indeed, the colonization of Equatorial Guinea can be dated back to the year 1471 amid the period when the travelers from the Portuguese nation arrived on Equatorial Guinea. The Island of Bioko that was found by the explorers from the Portuguese nation yet was colonized later by the Islands of Fernando Poo and Annoboh on their approach to Indian in the year 1474. The adventurers from the Portuguese government still held the control of Guinea till the year 1778 which was the year the Guineans were sold to the country of Spain in consensus for a trade of land that is inside South American.

Amid the Spanish civil war which occurred in the year 1820, those against Spain, that is, the revolutionaries took in charge of the Guinean state which made the mainland of Equatorial Guinea to be the province of Spain in 1900.







1AlgeriaAlgiersAbdelkader Bensalah (2019–present)Algerian dinar2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
2AngolaLuandaJoão Lourenço (2017–present)Kwanza24,383,301
3BeninPorto-NovoPatrice Talon (2016–present)CFA franc10,008,749
4BotswanaGaboroneMokgweetsi Masisi (2018–present)Pula2,024,904
5Burkina FasoOuagadougouRoch Marc Christian Kaboré (2015–present)CFA franc18,450,494
6BurundiBujumburaPierre Nkurunziza (2005–present)Burundi franc9,823,828
7CameroonYaoundePaul Biya (1982–present)CFA franc21,917,602
8Republic of Cape VerdePraiaJorge Carlos Fonseca (2011–present)Cape Verdean Escudo491,875
9Central African RepublicBanguiFaustin-Archange Touadéra (2016–present)CFA franc3,697,490
10ChadN’DjamenaIdriss Déby (1990–present)CFA franc1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)
11ComorosMoroniAzali Assoumani (2016––present)
Moustadroine Abdou, Acting President of the Comoros (2019–present)
Comorian franc2,235 km2 (863 sq mi)
12Democratic Republic of CongoKinshasaDenis Sassou Nguesso (1997–present)Congolese franc2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
13Republic of CongoBrazzavilleCFA franc342,000 km2 (132,047 sq mi)
14Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukroCFA franc322,460 km2 (124,503 sq mi)
15DjiboutiDjiboutiIsmaïl Omar Guelleh (1999–present)Djiboutian franc23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
16EgyptCairoAbdel Fattah el-Sisi (2014–present)Egyptian pound1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi)
17Equatorial GuineaMalaboTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979–present)CFA franc28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi)
18EritreaAsmaraIsaias Afwerki (1991–present)Nakfa117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
19EthiopiaAddis AbabaMswati III, King of Eswatini (1986–present)Ethiopian birr1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)
20GabonLibrevilleSahle-Work Zewde (2018–present)CFA franc267,668 km2 (103,347 sq mi)
21GambiaBanjulAli Bongo Ondimba (2009–present)Dalasi10,380 km2 (4,008 sq mi)
22GhanaAccraAdama Barrow (2017–present)Ghanaian cedi238,534 km2 (92,098 sq mi)
23GuineaConakryNana Akufo-Addo (2017–present)Guinean franc245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)
24Guinea-BissauBissauAlpha Condé (2010–present)CFA franc36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
25KenyaNairobiUhuru Kenyatta, (2013–present)Kenyan shilling580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)
26LesothoMaseruLetsie III, King of Lesotho (1996–present)
Prime Minister – Tom Thabane (2017–present)
Loti36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
27LiberiaMonroviaGeorge Weah (2018–present)Liberian dollar111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
28LibyaTripoliNo recognized President since the death of Muammar Gaddafi. Elections to be held soon.Libyan dinar1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)
29MadagascarAntananarivoAndry Rajoelina (2019–present)Malagasy ariary587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi)
30MalawiLilongwePeter Mutharika (2014–present)Malawian kwacha118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)
31MaliBamakoIbrahim Boubacar Keïta (2013–present)CFA franc1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)
32MauritaniaNouakchottMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (2009–present)Ouguiya1,030,700 km2 (397,955 sq mi)
33MauritiusPort LouisBarlen Vyapoory (2018–present)Mauritian rupee2,040 km2 (788 sq mi)
34MoroccoRabatMonarch – Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (1999–present)
Prime Minister – Saadeddine Othmani, Head of Government of Morocco (2017–present)
Moroccan dirham446,550 km2 (172,414 sq mi)
35MozambiqueMaputoFilipe Nyusi (2015–present)Mozambican metical801,590 km2 (309,496 sq mi)
36NamibiaWindhoekHage Geingob (2015–present)Namibian dollar825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi)
37NigerNiameyMahamadou Issoufou (2011–present)CFA franc1,267,000 km2 (489,191 sq mi)
38NigeriaAbujaMuhammadu Buhari (2015–present)Nigerian naira923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
39RwandaKigaliPaul Kagame (2000–present)Rwandan franc26,798 km2 (10,347 sq mi)
40Republic Arab Saharawi DemocraticAauin
41Sao Tome and PrincipeSao TomeEvaristo Carvalho (2016–present)Dobra964 km2 (372 sq mi)
42SenegalDakarMacky Sall (2012–present)CFA franc
43SeychellesVictoriaJulius Maada Bio (2018–present)Seychellois rupee451 km2 (174 sq mi)
44Sierra LeoneFreetownSierra Leonean leone196,723 km2 (75,955 sq mi)
45SomaliaMogadishuMohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (2017–present)Somali shilling637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
46South AfricaPretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Capetown (Legislative)Cyril Ramaphosa (2018–present)South African Rand1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)
47South SudanJubaPresident – Salva Kiir Mayardit (2005–present)South Sudanese pound644,329 km2 (248,777 sq mi)
48SudanKhartoumPresident – Omar al-Bashir (1989–present)Sudanese pound1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)
49Swaziland (eSwatini)Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative)President – John Magufuli (2015–present)Lilangeni17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi)
50TanzaniaDar es Salaam (Traditional capital). Dodoma is the seat of the legislaturePresident – John Magufuli (2015–present)Tanzanian shilling945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi)
51TogoLoméPresident – Faure Gnassingbé (2005–present)CFA franc56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
52TunisiaTunisPresident – Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–present)Tunisian dinar163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)
53UgandaKampalaYoweri Museveni (1986–present)
Western Sahara (self-declared, partially recognised state)
President – Brahim Ghali (2016–present)
Ugandan shilling236,040 km2 (91,136 sq mi)
54ZambiaLusakaEdgar Lungu (2015–present)Zambian kwacha752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi)
55.ZimbabweHarareEmmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present)RTGS Dollar390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)

Conclusion on List of all Africa Countries that Speak Spanish [Updated Record]- All You Need To Know

As you can see, Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa where Spanish is an official language. The country though blessed with natural resources and covered by trees is presently facing a significant concern at this instant on quality tap water and desertification. So if you want to learn Spanish and don’t want to live the shore of Africa, Equatorial Guinea is your destination. So, that is all you need to know about Africa Countries That Speak Spanish.

Tag: Africa Countries that Speak Spanish, List of all Africa Countries that Speak Spanish [Updated Record]- All You Need To Know, Countries That Speak Spanish, Speak Spanish Countries, The Spanish Speaking Countries, What Countries Speak Spanish, Which Countries Speak Spanish.



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