Map Of Africa 2019
Map Of Africa 2019

This article is about Africa Countries And Capitals. The African continent is divided into 54 countries and the recognized territory of Western Sahara. Africa is known as the second largest and the second most populous continent on the planet with 1.2 billion people believed to be living on the earth. Despite the massive potential of Africa, there isn’t much information out there about this fantastic continent which is why we have set out to write this wrong. There is more to Africa than Safari hunting, the slave trade, and the sparse image. It is hoped that you will enjoy this List of African Countries And Capitals and gain valuable insight into the African continent.

  • Algeria
  • Capital is Algiers
  • Angola
  • Capital is Luanda
  • Benin
  • Capital is Porto-Novo
  • Botswana
  • Capital is Gaborone
  • Burkina Faso
  • Capital is Ouagadougou
  • Burundi
  • Capital is Bujumbura
  • Cameroon
  • Capital is Yaounde
  • The Republic of Cape Verde
  • Capital is Praia
  • The Central African Republic
  • Capital is Bangui
  • Chad
  • Capital is N’Djamena
  • Comoros: Capital is Moroni
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Capital is Kinshasa
  • Republic of Congo
  • Capital is Brazzaville
  • Cote d’Ivoire
  • Capital is Yamoussoukro
  • Djibouti
  • Capital is Djibouti
  • Egypt
  • Capital is Cairo
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Capital is Malabo
  • Eritrea
  • Capital is Asmara
  • Ethiopia
  • Capital is Addis Ababa
  • Gabon
  • Capital is Libreville
  • The Gambia
  • Capital is Banjul
  • Ghana
  • Capital is Accra
  • Guinea
  • Capital is Conakry
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Capital is Bissau
  • Kenya
  • Capital is Nairobi
  • Lesotho
  • Capital is Maseru
  • Liberia
  • Capital is Monrovia
  • Libya
  • Capital is Tripoli
  • Madagascar
  • Capital is Antananarivo
  • Malawi
  • Capital is Lilongwe
  • Mali
  • Capital is Bamako
  • Mauritania
  • Capital is Nouakchott
  • Mauritius
  • Capital is Port Louis
  • Morocco
  • Capital is Rabat
  • Mozambique
  • Capital is Maputo
  • Namibia
  • Capital is Windhoek
  • Niger
  • Capital is Niamey
  • Nigeria
  • Capital is Abuja
  • Rwanda
  • Capital is Kigali
  • Republic Arab Saharawi Democratic
  • Capital is Aauin
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Capital is Sao Tome
  • Senegal
  • Capital is Dakar
  • Seychelles
  • Capital is Victoria
  • Sierra Leone
  • Capital is Freetown
  • Somalia
  • Capital is Mogadishu
  • South Africa
  • Capitals are Pretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Capetown (Legislative)
  • South Sudan
  • Capital is Juba
  • Sudan
  • Capital is Khartoum
  • Swaziland (eSwatini)
  • Capitals are Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative), population 1,119,000
  • Tanzania
  • Capital is Dar es Salaam (Traditional capital). Dodoma is the seat of the legislature
  • Togo
  • Capital is Lomé
  • Tunisia
  • Capital is Tunis
  • Uganda
  • Capital is Kampala
  • Zambia
  • Capital is Lusaka
  • Zimbabwe
  • Capital is Harare

African Countries And Presidents 2019

  • Algeria
  • Acting President - Abdelkader Bensalah (2019–present)
  • Angola
  • President – João Lourenço (2017–present)
  • Benin
  • President – Patrice Talon (2016–present)
  • Botswana
  • President – Mokgweetsi Masisi (2018–present)
  • Burkina Faso
  • President – Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (2015–present)
  • Burundi
  • President – Pierre Nkurunziza (2005–present)
  • Cameroon
  • President – Paul Biya (1982–present)
  • Cape Verde
  • President – Jorge Carlos Fonseca (2011–present)
  • The central African Republic
  • President – Faustin-Archange Touadéra (2016–present)
  • Chad
  • President – Idriss Déby (1990–present)
  • Comoros
  • President –
  • Azali Assoumani (2016––present)
  • Moustadroine Abdou, Acting President of the Comoros (2019–present)
  • Congo–Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo)
  • President – Denis Sassou Nguesso (1997–present)
  • Congo–Kinshasa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo)
  • President –
  • Joseph Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2001–2019)
  • Félix Tshisekedi, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2001–present)
  • Prime Minister – Bruno Tshibala, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2017–present)
  • Djibouti
  • President – Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (1999–present)
  • Egypt
  • President – Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (2014–present)
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • President – Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979–present)
  • Eritrea
  • President – Isaias Afwerki (1991–present)
  • eSwatini
  • Monarch – Mswati III, King of Eswatini (1986–present)
  • Ethiopia
  • President – Sahle-Work Zewde (2018–present)
  • Gabon
  • President – Ali Bongo Ondimba (2009–present)
  • The Gambia
  • President – Adama Barrow (2017–present)
  • Ghana
  • President – Nana Akufo-Addo (2017–present)
  • Guinea
  • President – Alpha Condé (2010–present)
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • President – José Mário Vaz (2014–present)
  • Ivory Coast ( Cote d'Ivoire)
  • President – Alassane Ouattara (2010–present)
  • Kenya
  • President – Uhuru Kenyatta, (2013–present)
  • Lesotho
  • Monarch – Letsie III, King of Lesotho (1996–present)
  • Prime Minister – Tom Thabane (2017–present)
  • Liberia
  • President – George Weah (2018–present)
  • Libya
  • President – No recognized President since the death of Muammar Gaddafi. Elections to be held soon.
  • Madagascar
  • President - Andry Rajoelina (2019–present)
  • Malawi
  • President – Peter Mutharika (2014–present)
  • Mali
  • President – Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (2013–present)
  • Mauritania
  • President – Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (2009–present)
  • Mauritius
  • Acting President – Barlen Vyapoory (2018–present)
  • Morocco
  • Monarch – Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (1999–present)
  • Prime Minister – Saadeddine Othmani, Head of Government of Morocco (2017–present)
  • Mozambique
  • President – Filipe Nyusi (2015–present)
  • Namibia
  • President – Hage Geingob (2015–present)
  • Niger
  • President – Mahamadou Issoufou (2011–present)
  • Nigeria
  • President – Muhammadu Buhari (2015–present)
  • Rwanda
  • President – Paul Kagame (2000–present)
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • President – Evaristo Carvalho (2016–present)
  • Senegal
  • President – Macky Sall (2012–present)
  • Seychelles
  • President – Danny Faure (2016–present)
  • Sierra Leone
  • President – Julius Maada Bio (2018–present)
  • Somalia
  • President – Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (2017–present)
  • South Africa
  • President – Cyril Ramaphosa (2018–present)
  • South Sudan
  • President – Salva Kiir Mayardit (2005–present)
  • Sudan
  • President – Omar al-Bashir (1989–present)
  • Tanzania
  • President – John Magufuli (2015–present)
  • Togo
  • President – Faure Gnassingbé (2005–present)
  • Tunisia
  • President – Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–present)
  • Uganda
  • President – Yoweri Museveni (1986–present)
  • Western Sahara (self-declared, partially recognized state)
  • President – Brahim Ghali (2016–present)
  • Zambia
  • President – Edgar Lungu (2015–present)
  • Zimbabwe
  • President – Emmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present)


1AlgeriaAlgiersAbdelkader Bensalah (2019–present)Algerian dinar2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
2AngolaLuandaJoão Lourenço (2017–present)Kwanza24,383,301
3BeninPorto-NovoPatrice Talon (2016–present)CFA franc10,008,749
4BotswanaGaboroneMokgweetsi Masisi (2018–present)Pula2,024,904
5Burkina FasoOuagadougouRoch Marc Christian Kaboré (2015–present)CFA franc18,450,494
6BurundiBujumburaPierre Nkurunziza (2005–present)Burundi franc9,823,828
7CameroonYaoundePaul Biya (1982–present)CFA franc21,917,602
8Republic of Cape VerdePraiaJorge Carlos Fonseca (2011–present)Cape Verdean Escudo491,875
9Central African RepublicBanguiFaustin-Archange Touadéra (2016–present)CFA franc3,697,490
10ChadN’DjamenaIdriss Déby (1990–present)CFA franc1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)
11ComorosMoroniAzali Assoumani (2016––present)
Moustadroine Abdou, Acting President of the Comoros (2019–present)
Comorian franc2,235 km2 (863 sq mi)
12Democratic Republic of CongoKinshasaDenis Sassou Nguesso (1997–present)Congolese franc2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
13Republic of CongoBrazzavilleCFA franc342,000 km2 (132,047 sq mi)
14Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukroCFA franc322,460 km2 (124,503 sq mi)
15DjiboutiDjiboutiIsmaïl Omar Guelleh (1999–present)Djiboutian franc23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
16EgyptCairoAbdel Fattah el-Sisi (2014–present)Egyptian pound1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi)
17Equatorial GuineaMalaboTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979–present)CFA franc28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi)
18EritreaAsmaraIsaias Afwerki (1991–present)Nakfa117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
19EthiopiaAddis AbabaMswati III, King of Eswatini (1986–present)Ethiopian birr1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)
20GabonLibrevilleSahle-Work Zewde (2018–present)CFA franc267,668 km2 (103,347 sq mi)
21GambiaBanjulAli Bongo Ondimba (2009–present)Dalasi10,380 km2 (4,008 sq mi)
22GhanaAccraAdama Barrow (2017–present)Ghanaian cedi238,534 km2 (92,098 sq mi)
23GuineaConakryNana Akufo-Addo (2017–present)Guinean franc245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)
24Guinea-BissauBissauAlpha Condé (2010–present)CFA franc36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
25KenyaNairobiUhuru Kenyatta, (2013–present)Kenyan shilling580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)
26LesothoMaseruLetsie III, King of Lesotho (1996–present)
Prime Minister – Tom Thabane (2017–present)
Loti36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
27LiberiaMonroviaGeorge Weah (2018–present)Liberian dollar111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
28LibyaTripoliNo recognized President since the death of Muammar Gaddafi. Elections to be held soon.Libyan dinar1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)
29MadagascarAntananarivoAndry Rajoelina (2019–present)Malagasy ariary587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi)
30MalawiLilongwePeter Mutharika (2014–present)Malawian kwacha118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)
31MaliBamakoIbrahim Boubacar Keïta (2013–present)CFA franc1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)
32MauritaniaNouakchottMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (2009–present)Ouguiya1,030,700 km2 (397,955 sq mi)
33MauritiusPort LouisBarlen Vyapoory (2018–present)Mauritian rupee2,040 km2 (788 sq mi)
34MoroccoRabatMonarch – Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (1999–present)
Prime Minister – Saadeddine Othmani, Head of Government of Morocco (2017–present)
Moroccan dirham446,550 km2 (172,414 sq mi)
35MozambiqueMaputoFilipe Nyusi (2015–present)Mozambican metical801,590 km2 (309,496 sq mi)
36NamibiaWindhoekHage Geingob (2015–present)Namibian dollar825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi)
37NigerNiameyMahamadou Issoufou (2011–present)CFA franc1,267,000 km2 (489,191 sq mi)
38NigeriaAbujaMuhammadu Buhari (2015–present)Nigerian naira923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
39RwandaKigaliPaul Kagame (2000–present)Rwandan franc26,798 km2 (10,347 sq mi)
40Republic Arab Saharawi DemocraticAauin
41Sao Tome and PrincipeSao TomeEvaristo Carvalho (2016–present)Dobra964 km2 (372 sq mi)
42SenegalDakarMacky Sall (2012–present)CFA franc
43SeychellesVictoriaJulius Maada Bio (2018–present)Seychellois rupee451 km2 (174 sq mi)
44Sierra LeoneFreetownSierra Leonean leone196,723 km2 (75,955 sq mi)
45SomaliaMogadishuMohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (2017–present)Somali shilling637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
46South AfricaPretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Capetown (Legislative)Cyril Ramaphosa (2018–present)South African Rand1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)
47South SudanJubaPresident – Salva Kiir Mayardit (2005–present)South Sudanese pound644,329 km2 (248,777 sq mi)
48SudanKhartoumPresident – Omar al-Bashir (1989–present)Sudanese pound1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)
49Swaziland (eSwatini)Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative)President – John Magufuli (2015–present)Lilangeni17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi)
50TanzaniaDar es Salaam (Traditional capital). Dodoma is the seat of the legislaturePresident – John Magufuli (2015–present)Tanzanian shilling945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi)
51TogoLoméPresident – Faure Gnassingbé (2005–present)CFA franc56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
52TunisiaTunisPresident – Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–present)Tunisian dinar163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)
53UgandaKampalaYoweri Museveni (1986–present)
Western Sahara (self-declared, partially recognised state)
President – Brahim Ghali (2016–present)
Ugandan shilling236,040 km2 (91,136 sq mi)
54ZambiaLusakaEdgar Lungu (2015–present)Zambian kwacha752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi)
55.ZimbabweHarareEmmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present)RTGS Dollar390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)

More Information On African Countries And Capitals, Population And Tourist Destinations

  • #1. Algeria
  • Capital city: Algiers
  • Area: 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
  • Population: 42,504,120

Algeria is currently the 10th largest country in the world. This North African country is a regional and middle power. Algeria is said to have the 16th largest oil reserves in the world and the 2nd largest in Africa. The country also has the 9th largest natural gas reserve. The geographic location today known as Algeria has imprints of many olden empires. There are ancient Roman ruins in seaside Tipaza, Algiers the capital of Algeria has Ottoman landmarks like circa-1612 Ketchaoua Mosque line the hillside Casbah quarter, with its narrow alleys and stairways. Also, the city’s Neo-Byzantine basilica Notre Dame d’Afrique dates to French colonial rule. The Algiers’ Jardin d’Essai du Hamma, which began in the year 1832, is a botanical garden with extensive grounds and a palm-lined promenade toward the sea. The National Bardo Museum exhibits ancient artifacts in a carefully restored 18th-century villa. Traditional Berber walled settlements and oases dating to back the 10th century are preserved in the M’zab Valley.

  • #2. Angola
  • Capital city: Luanda
  • Area:1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi)
  • Population: 31,517,233

Angola is a Southern African nation that has a varied terrain which encompasses tropical Atlantic beaches, a complicated system of rivers as well as a Sub-Saharan desert that extends into neighboring Namibia. The country is a former Portuguese colony, and this reflects in its Portuguese-influenced cuisine and its landmarks including Fortaleza de São Miguel, a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in 1576 to defend the capital, Luanda. The Kissama National Park is a safari reserve where elephants and giant sable antelopes roam free. Inland highlights in Angola include Tunda-Vala, a volcanic fissure that is known as a climbing destination, and the 105m-high Kalandula Falls waterfalls.

  • #3. Benin
  • Capital city: Porto-Novo
  • Area: 114,763 km2 (44,310 sq mi)
  • Population: 11,800,000

The Republic of Benin is a French-speaking West African nation. Benin is home to the former Dahomey Kingdom from circa 1600–1900. The former capital of Dahomey, Abomey, features the Historical Museum which occupies two royal palaces with bas-reliefs recounting the kingdom’s past and a throne mounted on human skulls. In the North of Benin, the Pendjari National Park offers safaris with elephants, hippos and lions. Other natural attractions in Benin include W National Park, a reserve for wildlife such as aardvarks and cheetahs, plus Atlantic Coast beaches. In the city of Ouidah, the beach features the Door of No Return, a memorial arch that is dedicated to victims of the slave trade. It is part of the Route des Esclaves, the path that slaves took from Ouidah’s Portuguese Fort of São João Baptista de Ajudá to waiting for ships. The capital of Benin, Porto-Novo, is famous for its French colonial architecture.

  • #4. Botswana
  • Capital city: Gaborone
  • Area: 581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi)
  • Population: 2,363,921

Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. Its landscape is defined by the Kalahari Desert and the Okavango Delta. Animals such as wild dogs, hyenas, cheetahs, and giraffes live in the massive Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Other tourist attractions in Botswana include Moremi Game Reserve, Chobe National Park, and Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. In the Tsodilo Hills, evidence of ancient human habitation in the form of rock paintings exist.

  • #5. Burkina Faso
  • Capital city Ouagadougou
  • Area: 274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi)
  • Population: 20,168,816

It is a landlocked West African country, surrounded by six countries. Burkina Faso is a francophone country and was formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta. Some of the tourist attractions in the country include Ruins of Loropeni believed to have been built about 1,000 years ago and Lake Tengrela.

  • #6. Burundi
  • Capital city Bujumbura
  • Area: 27,830 sq km (10,745 sq mi)
  • Population: 11,480,169

Burundi is located in East Africa. The Twa, Hutu, and Tutsi peoples are believed to have lived in Burundi for at least 500 years. Burundi was an independent kingdom for more than 200 of those years, until the beginning of the 20th century, when Germany colonized it. Following the defeat of Germany after World War I, Germany ceded the territory to Belgium. Burundi eventually gained independence in 1962 and initially had a monarchy, but became a republic and one-party state in 1966. Attractions in the country include Lake Tanganyika, Rusizi River National Park, Ruvubu National Park, and several others.

  • #7. Cameroon
  • Capital city: Yaounde
  • Area: 475,442 square kilometres (183,569 sq mi)
  • Population: 25,147,012

Cameroon is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its capital, Yaoundé, is also the biggest city in the country. Both Yaoundé and the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts such as Kribi and Limbe. Limbe is located at the foot of the active volcano Mount Cameroon, a hiking and climbing destination that is surrounded by rainforest. Other attractions in Cameroon include Campo Ma’an National Park which shelters animals such as elephants and apes and the Korup National Park, which encompasses one of Africa’s oldest rainforests.

  • #8. Cape Verde
  • Capital city: Praia
  • Area: 4,000 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi)
  • Population: 560,349

Cape Verde is famous for its Creole Portuguese-African culture, traditional morna music, and its numerous beaches. The largest island in the country, Santiago, is home to both the old capital Cidade Velha, which features the fortress Forte Real de São Felipe as well as the current capital, Praia. Attractions in the country include: Pico do Fogo which is an active black volcano, Portuguese colonial architecture found in the town of São Filipe, São Pedro Beach which is famous for windsurfing, and the port town of Mindelo that is renowned for music clubs and other cultural attractions.

  • #9 Central African Republic
  • Capital city: Bangui
  • Area: 240,533 sq mi (622,980 sq km)
  • Population: 4,802,851

What we now know as the Central African Republic has been inhabited for millennia, but France established the country's present borders during the French colonial rule in the territory which started in the 19th century. Tourists sites in the Central African Republic include Bangui Center, Zinga, Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, and Boali Waterfalls.

  • #10 Chad
  • Capital city: N’Djamena
  • Area: 1,284,000 sq km (495,755 sq mi)
  • Population: 15,691,797

The country is named after Lake Chad, the largest wetland in the country and the second-largest in Africa. The Chad Republic is the fifth largest country in Africa and the second-largest in Central Africa in terms of area. The official languages of the country are Arabic and French. The country is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Islam is the most widely practiced religion in Chad, followed by Christianity. If you find yourself in the Chad Republic, places you can visit include Zakouma National Park: Am Timan, and Ennedi Desert.

  • #11. Comoros
  • Capital city: Moroni
  • Area: 1,660 km2 (640 sq mi)
  • Population: 846,079

This country is a volcanic archipelago located off Africa’s east coast. Beaches and old lava surround the nation state's largest island, Grande Comore (Ngazidja) from active Mt. Karthala volcano. The island has a rich Arab heritage, evidenced by the presence of carved doors and a white colonnaded mosque in Moroni, the capital of the country. Moroni’s Musée National des Comores also displays exhibitions on the archipelago’s cultural and natural history. Other attractions in the country include the Mohéli Marine Park encompassing forest on the southern coast and several rocky islets and the island chain of Mayotte to the southeast of the country which offers snorkeling and diving in a huge coral lagoon.

Map Of Africa Showing all African countries and unique landmarks

Africa Countries and Capitals
Africa Countries and Capitals


  • #12. Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Capital city: Kinshasa
  • Area: 2.34 million sq km (905,354 sq miles)
  • Population: 81,500,000

DR Congo is the southernmost country located in Central Africa. It was formerly known as Zaire. The country is the second-largest in Africa after Algeria by area and the 11th largest in the world. Top places to visit in the country include Kinshasa the capital of the country, Lola Ya Bonobo, Mountain gorilla, Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Nyiragongo Volcano, and the Virunga National Park.

  • #13. Republic of Congo
  • Capital city: Brazzaville
  • Area: 342,000 sq km (132,047 sq miles)
  • Population: 5,505,339

The Republic of the Congo is a central African country, with rainforest reserves that are habitats for gorillas. The country is also called Congo-Brazzaville, and it's the capital city, Brazzaville, lies across the Congo River from Kinshasa, the capital of the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo. Highlights of Brazzaville include traditional craft markets as well as the mid-20th-century Basilique Sainte-Anne, with a green-tiled roof and spire. Also, the Odzala-Kokoua National Park with western lowland gorilla’s, located in the northwest of the country, is a popular safari destination.

  • #14. Cote d’Ivoire
  • Capital city Yamoussoukro:
  • Area: 322,462 sq km (124,503 sq miles)
  • Population: 25,369,422

Côte d’Ivoire is a French-speaking country located in West Africa. The country has beach resorts, rainforests, and a French-colonial legacy. Abidjan, a city on the Atlantic coast, is the country’s major urban center. Modern landmarks in Cote d'Ivoire include ziggurat-like, concrete La Pyramide as well as the St. Paul’s Cathedral, a swooping structure that is tethered to a massive cross. Also, Abidjan’s Musée National displays indigenous art and artifacts, notably statues and ivory craftwork. East along the coast, is the small city of Grand-Bassam which served as the French capital in the late 1800s.

  • #15. Djibouti
  • Capital city: Djibouti
  • Area: 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
  • Population: 981,974

Djibouti is a country located on the Horn of Africa. The country is mostly French and Arabic speaking. It has dry shrublands, volcanic formations and Gulf of Aden beaches. Djibouti is home to one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world, the low-lying Lake Assal, located in the Danakil Desert. The nomadic Afar people have settlements located along Lake Abbe, a body of saltwater that features chimneylike mineral formations. Some natural landmarks in the country include Mousa Ali, a volcano with a crater on top, the Grand Bara which is a desert region and the forested Goda Mountains. The Moucha Island which is located in the Gulf of Tadjoura offers opportunities for kitesurfing and scuba diving among coral reefs. In the capital city, port of Djibouti, you will find cultural sites such as the sacred white and green Hamoudi Mosque. Also, you will find the colonial Presidential Palace in the African quarter, and the modern Cathedral of Our Lady of the Good Shepherd in the European Quarter.

  • #16. Egypt
  • Capital city: Cairo
  • Area: 1,001,450 sq km (386,662 sq mi)
  • Population: 100,714,625

Egypt is located in North Africa and links northeast Africa with the Middle East. The country dates to the time of the pharaohs. Along the fertile Nile River Valley are millennia-old monuments such as Giza’s colossal Pyramids, the Great Sphinx, Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital city of Egypt, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks such as the Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum which is a trove of antiquities.

  • #17. Equatorial Guinea
  • Capital city: Malabo
  • Area: 28,051 sq km (10,831 sq mi)
  • Population: 1,347,989

The country is located in Central Africa and comprises the Rio Muni mainland and five offshore volcanic islands. The capital city Malabo, located on Bioko Island has Spanish colonial architecture and is a hub for the country’s highly lucrative oil industry. The Arena Blanca Beach located in the country draws dry-season butterflies while the tropical forest of the mainland’s Monte Alen National Park is home to gorillas, chimpanzees as well as elephants. Pico Basilé peak located on Bioko Island’s rugged highland interior offers sweeping views from a height of 3,000m. The country’s forested Moca Valley is a monkey habitat with trails that pass crater lakes as well as the 250m-high Moca Cascades waterfalls. During the dry season, sea turtles lay eggs on southern Ureca Beach.

  • #18. Eritrea
  • Capital city: Asmara
  • Area: 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
  • Population: 5,278,262

Located on the Red Sea Coast in Northeast Africa, Eritrea shares borders with Ethiopia, Sudan, and Djibouti. The capital city is Asmara, a city famous for its Italian colonial buildings, such as St. Joseph’s Cathedral, as well as art deco structures. The port city’s Italian, Egyptian and Turkish architecture in Massawa reflect its colorful history. Some of the notable buildings here are St. Mariam Cathedral and the Imperial Palace.

  • #19. Ethiopia
  • Capital city: Addis Ababa
  • Area: 1,100,000 square kilometres (420,000 sq mi)
  • Population: 109,449,975

Ethiopia is a rugged and landlocked country that is split by the Great Rift Valley. It is located in the Horn of Africa. Archaeological finds in the country date back more than 3 million years, making it a place of ancient culture. Among the important sites in the country is Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches dated back to the 12th and 13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city and is home to obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church. In the capital city, Addis Ababa, the National Museum displays art and archaeology collections, while the Ethnological Museum displays tribal artifacts. Emperor Haile Selassie was buried in the Copper-domed Holy Trinity Cathedral in 1975. where Emperor Haile Selassie was buried in 1975. The Fasil Ghebbi castle complexion Gondar once served as the seat of Ethiopian emperors.

  • #20. Gabon
  • Capital city: Libreville
  • Area: 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi)
  • Population: 2,098,322

Gabon sits along the Atlantic coast of Central Africa. The country has significant areas of protected parkland. The forested coastal terrain of the famous Loango National Park is home to a diversity of wildlife, from gorillas and hippos to whales. Lopé National Park is mainly rainforest while Akanda National Park is known for its mangroves as we as tidal beaches. Libreville, the modern capital of Gabon, features cultural attractions such as the National Museum of Arts and Traditions, where the mask and other wood-carved artifacts are housed, and the Mont-Bouët open-air market. The relaxed beach resort town of Point Denis is a habitat for leatherback turtles and lies across an estuary from Libreville.

  • #21. The Gambia
  • Capital city: Banjul
  • Area: 11,295 km2 (4,361 sq mi)
  • Population: 2,210,993

The Gambia is a small country in the Western part of Africa. The Gambia has diverse ecosystems around the central Gambia River. There is abundant wildlife in its Kiang West National Park and in Bao Bolong Wetland Reserve, animals found include monkeys, leopards, hippos, hyenas and rare birds. The capital city of Gambia Banjul, as well as the nearby Serrekunda, offer access to beaches. The remains of old 117th-century outpost, Fort James, stands on Kunta Kinteh Island. The lush Abuko Nature Reserve offers abode to crocodiles, monkeys and birds while Makasutu Culture Forest is a private ecotourism reserve with palm forest, mangroves, and migrating baboons. Upriver, the Wassu Stone Circles mark graves dating back more than 1,000 years.

  • #22. Ghana
  • Capital city: Accra
  • Area: 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi)
  • Population: 30,100,000

Ghana sits on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea and is famous for its diverse wildlife, old forts as well as secluded beaches, like the one at Busua. In the Coastal towns of Elmina and Cape Coast, there are posthumans (native shrines), colonial buildings as we as castles that have been turned into museums that serve as testimonials to the slave trade. In the north of Cape Coast is the vast Kakum National Park which has a treetop-canopy walkway over the rainforest. The country’s capital, Accra, the National Museum traces Ghanaian culture and history. Also, reserves in the country such as the Mole National Park afford up-close views of large mammals like elephants and antelopes. The Ashanti Region is famous for gold and cocoa production and features Kumasi’s tribal Manhyia Palace (now a museum) and traditional kente weaving in the village Adanwomase.

  • #23. Guinea
  • Capital city: Conakry
  • Area: 245,857 square kilometres (94,926 sq mi)
  • Population: 13,308,658

Guinea is also in West Africa and is bordered on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Guinea is known for the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, located in the Southeast of the country. In the capital city, Conakry, you will find the modern Grand Mosque and the National Museum, with its regional artifacts. The sandy beaches of the Loos Islands, close to Conakry, are backed by thick palm forests. Up north, Cape Verga has popular beach towns such as Bel Air as well as more remote and undeveloped beaches.

  • #24. Guinea-Bissau
  • Capital city: Bissau
  • Area: 10,811 sq mi (28,000 sq km)
  • Population: 1,950,000

Guinea-Bissau is a tropical country located on West Africa’s Atlantic coast. The country is known for national parks and wildlife. The forested but sparsely populated Bijagós archipelago is a protected biosphere reserve. The country’s main island, Bubaque, is part of the Orango Islands National Park which is a habitat for saltwater hippos. The capital city, Bissau, is a port littered with Portuguese colonial buildings in its old city center.

  • #25. Kenya
  • Capital city: Nairobi
  • Area: 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi)
  • Population: 51,881,292

Kenya falls in East Africa and the country’s landscape encompasses savannah, Lakelands, the dramatic Great Rift Valley as well as mountain highlands. The country is home to wildlife such as lions, elephants and rhinos and from the capital city Nairobi, safaris can visit the Maasai Mara Reserve which is famous for its annual wildebeest migrations, as well as the Amboseli National Park which offers impressive views of Tanzania’s 5,895m Mt. Kilimanjaro.

  • #26. Lesotho
  • Capital city: Maseru
  • Area: 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq mi)
  • Population: 2,285,140

Lesotho is a high-altitude, landlocked kingdom that is encircled by South Africa. The country is crisscrossed by a network of rivers and also mountain ranges including the 3,482m-high peak of Thabana Ntlenyana. On the Thaba Bosiu plateau, close to Lesotho’s capital, Maseru, there are ruins dating back to the 19th-century reign of King Moshoeshoe I. Thaba Bosiu overlooks the iconic Mount Qiloane which is an enduring symbol of the nation’s Basotho people. Away from the capital Maseru, attractions include Maletsunyane Falls, plunging a sheer 192m. Also, there are igloo-shaped mud dwellings of Kome Cave Village that were built in the 1800s by a Basotho group whose descendants inhabit them today. In the Quthing district, there are preserved dinosaur footprints and prehistoric cave art.

  • #27. Liberia
  • Capital city: Monrovia
  • Area: 111,300 square kilometers (43,000 sq mi)
  • Population: 4,944,912

Liberia is in West Africa and shares border with Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. The capital city Monrovia is home to the Liberia National Museum, which features exhibits on national culture and history. Around Monrovia which is the Capital of the country, there are palm-lined beaches like Silver and CeCe. Along the coast, beach towns in Liberia include the port of Buchanan, as well as laid-back Roberts Port that is famous for its strong surf.

  • #28. Libya
  • Capital city: Tripoli
  • Area: 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi)
  • Population: 6,544,376

The 4th largest country in Africa in Libya. It is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. Libya is known to have the 10th largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. The largest city and capital is Tripoli, and has a population of 1 million residents. Libya was ruled at various times by the Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before it became a part of the Roman Empire. The country was an early centre of Christianity. Places to visit in Libya include the capital Tripoli, Leptis Magna, Benghazi, Cyrene and Ghadames.

  • #29. Madagascar
  • Capital city: Antananarivo
  • Area: 587,040 square kilometres (226,660 sq mi)
  • Population: 26,784,511

The huge island nation of Madagascar is located off the southeast coast of Africa. The country is home to thousands of animal species, such as lemurs which are found nowhere else, rainforests, beaches and reefs. Located close to the busy capital, Antananarivo, is Ambohimanga which is a hillside complex of royal palaces and burial grounds. In this area also is the “Avenue of the Baobabs,” a dirt road that is lined by massive centuries-old trees. In the Western part of the country is Tsingy de Bemaraha, a reserve that is famous for its alienlike limestone pinnacles.

  • #30. Malawi
  • Capital city: Lilongwe
  • Area: 118,000 square kilometres (46,000 square miles)
  • Population: 19,720,000

Malawi is a southeastern Africa country. The country is defined by its topography of highlands split by both the Great Rift Valley and enormous Lake Malawi. The lake’s southern end falls within Lake Malawi National Park which shelters diverse wildlife from colorful fish to baboons, and its clear waters are also quite popular for diving and boating. Peninsular Cape Maclear is well known for its beach resorts. Malawi also has many game reserves including Nyika National Park, where rolling grasslands provide shelter for zebras and leopards, and the Majete Wildlife Reserve, a restored park which has reintroduced lions. Liwonde National Park, located along the Shire River, is home to elephants, hippos and sea eagles.

  • #31. Mali
  • Capital city: Bamako
  • Area: 1,240,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi)
  • Population: 19,536,119

The Republic of Mali is a landlocked country located in West Africa, a region that is geologically identified with the West African Craton. Some of Mali’s prominent natural resources include gold, as it is the third largest producer of gold on the African continent, and salt. Present-day Mali once formed part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and also the Songhai Empire. During the golden age of Mali, there was a flourishing of mathematics, astronomy, literature, and also art. At its peak in 1300, the Mali Empire covered an area that is about twice the size of modern-day France and stretched far to the west coast of Africa. Attractions in Mali include: Boucle du Baoulé National Park, National Museum of Mali and Grand Mosque of Djenné.

  • #32. Mauritania
  • Capital city: Nouakchott
  • Area: 1,030,700 km2 (397,955 mi2)
  • Population: 4,629,119

Mauritania is known officially as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. The country is located in Northwest Africa and is the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa. The country got its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed between the 3rd century BCE till the 7th century CE in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. Approximately 90% of Mauritania’s land falls within the Sahara leading to the concentration of the population in the south where precipitation is slightly higher. Chinguetti, Nouakchott, Atar, Terjit and Banc d’Arguin are some of the top attractions in the country.

  • #33. Mauritius
  • Capital city: Port Louis
  • Area: 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)
  • Population: 1,271,368

Mauritius is famous for its beaches, lagoons and reefs. The mountainous interior of the country includes Black River Gorges National Park, with rainforests, waterfalls, hiking trails as well as wildlife such as the flying fox. The capital city Port Louis has sites such as the Champs de Mars horse track, Eureka plantation house as well as the 18th century Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Gardens. The northern village of Grand Baie is famous for cosmopolitan beach resorts, snorkeling as well as game fishing.

  • #34. Morocco
  • Capital city: Rabat
  • Area: 446,550 sq km (172,414 sq mi)
  • Population: 36,635,156

The North African country of Morocco is distinguished by its Berber, Arabian and European cultural influences. Marrakesh’s medina, is a mazelike medieval Quarter that offers entertainment in its Djemaa el-Fna square and souks (marketplaces) selling ceramics, jewelry as well as metal lanterns. The capital city Rabat is home to the Kasbah of the Udayas, a 12th century royal fort overlooking the water. In Casablanca, you will find Hassan II Mosque, an Islamic landmark with a 210m minaret. The city of Fes is also known for its medina, Fes el Bali. Other historic sites in Morocco include earthen-walled Aït Benhaddou which is a fortified trading post and the Roman site Volubilis, where you will find ruins of a basilica and triumphal arch.

  • #35. Mozambique
  • Capital city: Maputo
  • Area: 812,379 sq km (313,661 sq miles)
  • Population: 31,177,691

Mozambique is a southern African country with popular beaches such as Tofo, as well as offshore marine parks. In the Quirimbas Archipelago, there is a 250km stretch of coral islands, mangrove-covered Ibo Island which has colonial-era ruins dating back to a period of Portuguese rule. The Bazaruto Archipelago located farther south has reefs which protect rare marine life such as dugong. Ilha de Mozambique features well-preserved colonial style buildings like the 16th century Fort São Sebastião, dating to its time as the capital of Portuguese East Africa. The current capital, Maputo, has diverse architecture, vibrant nightlife and is relatively close to beaches like Ponta do Ouro. The Gorongosa National Park’s forests, wetlands, and savannahs are home to wildlife including lions, hippos and zebras.

  • #36. Namibia
  • Capital city: Windhoek
  • Area: 825,615 km2 (318,772 sq mi)
  • Population: 2,627,918

Namibia is distinguished by the Namib Desert situated along its Atlantic Ocean coast. It is home to diverse wildlife, including a very significant cheetah population. The capital city Windhoek, and the coastal town Swakopmund both contain German colonial-era buildings such as Windhoek’s Christuskirche, that was built in 1907. In the North of Namibia, Etosha National Park’s salt pan draws animals including rhinos and giraffes. Also, orange dunes loom above the 500-year-old camelthorn trees in Sossusvlei, while many wrecked ships have been preserved on the shores of the Skelton Coast as a result of arid conditions. Walvis Bay is a beach town that is famous for its fishing and adventure sports including shark-angling and kiteboarding.

  • #37. Niger
  • Capital city: Niamey
  • Area: 1,270,000 km2 (490,000 sq mi)
  • Population: 22,944,056

Niger is known officially as the Republic of the Niger. It is a landlocked country located in West Africa and named after the Niger River. Niger is the largest country in West Africa although more than 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. Top tourist attractions in Niger include Agadez, Ayorou, Zinder and W National Park.

  • #38. Nigeria
  • Capital city: Abuja
  • Area: 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
  • Population: 200,962,417

Nigeria is located on the Gulf of Guinea and has many natural landmarks and wildlife reserves. Some of the protected areas in Nigeria are Cross River National Park and Yankari National Park which have waterfalls, dense rainforest, savannas and also shelter rare primate. One of the most recognizable sites in Nigeria is Zuma Rock, a 725m-tall monolith sitting outside the capital of Abuja that is pictured on the national currency.

  • #39. Rwanda
  • Capital city: Kigali
  • Area: 26,338 square kilometres (10,169 sq mi)
  • Population: 12,794,412

Located in East Africa, Rwanda is a landlocked country with a green, mountainous landscape. The country’s renowned Volcanoes National Park is home to mountain gorillas and also golden monkeys. The park encompasses the 4,507m-tall Mt. Karisimbi as well as 4 other forested volcanoes. In the southwest of Rwanda is Nyungwe National Park which has an ancient montane rainforest that is a habitat for chimpanzees and other primates. The nation’s capital, Kigali has a vibrant restaurant and nightlife scene. The Kigali Genocide Memorial documents the mass killings that occurred in 1994, associated with the civil war that ended in the same year.

  • #40. Republic Arab Saharawi Democratic
  • Capital city: Aauin
  • Area: 266,000 km² (102,703 mi²)
  • Population: 582,478

The Sahrawi Republic is known officially as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and is a partially recognized state that claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, but only controls the easternmost one-fifth of that territory. The area was formerly known as Spanish Sahara, a Spanish colony (later an overseas province). In the North, camel grass landscape dominates the Saharan sand dunes and the locals call it the “hamada”. It stretches for about 200km between Tarfaya and Laayoune. The Green March close to Place Mechouar is a must-see. The street art shows the mass demonstration that occurred in 1975 when Morocco was forcing Spain to let go of their colony. The Tarfaya Beach is located in the north of Tarfaya town. Several ships have become stranded at this beach, leaving shipwrecks on their wake. The Spanish fort of Dchira is also one of the top attractions in the country. It was here that the historic attack of the Liberation Army of Sahrawi took place in the year 1958. The army defeated Spanish forces in the area, putting an end to the Spanish colonial rule over the nation.

  • #41. Sao Tome and Principe
  • Capital city: Sao Tome
  • Area: 1,001 sq km (386 sq miles)
  • Population: 212,193

São Tomé and Príncipe is an African island nation located close to the equator. The country is  part of a volcano chain featuring striking rock and coral formations, rainforests as well as beaches. On the larger island, São Tomé, there is the Lagoa Azul lagoon. Ôbo Natural Park is a biodiverse jungle preserve that covers much of São Tomé and is distinguished by Pico Cão Grande which is a skyscraper like volcanic rock. The capital city, called São Tomé, is highly influenced by Portuguese-Creole culture and is home to São Sebastião, a 16th century colonial fort that was built by Portuguese settlers that now houses the National Museum.

  • #42. Senegal
  • Capital city: Dakar
  • Area: 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi)
  • Population: 16,625,995

This West African country has a rich French colonial heritage and lots of natural attractions. Dakar, the capital city, features the ancient Médina district and the esteemed Musée Théodore Monod, displaying African art. Dakar is also famous for its nightlife that is centered on native mbalax music. Saint-Louis, which served as the capital of French West Africa, has an old town with colonial architecture. Car-free Gorée Island is where the House of Slaves museum and memorial is located while Lake Retba is famous for its curious pink-hued water.

  • #43. Seychelles
  • Capital city: Victoria
  • Area: 455 km² (176 sq km)
  • Population: 95,702

Located in East Africa, The Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 islands and is home to numerous beaches, coral reefs and nature reserves. Rare animals such as giant Aldabra tortoises are also found in the country. Mahé, which is a hub for visiting the other islands of the country, is home to capital Victoria. It also features the mountain rainforests of Morne Seychellois National Park as well as beaches, including Beau Vallon and Anse Takamaka. The granite Inner Islands include Praslin, which has the famous Anse Georgette beach, studded with sculpted rock formations.

  • #44. Sierra Leone
  • Capital city: Freetown
  • Area: 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)
  • Population: 7,883,123

Famous for the white sand beaches lining the Freetown Peninsula, Sierra Leone is a West African country. The capital city called Freetown, commemorates the nation’s slave-trade history with the Cotton Tree landmark and also the King’s Yard Gate. Both places served as refuge for returned slaves in the 18th and 19th centuries. Nearby Bunce Island served as a key departure point during the slave trade. The Turtle and Banana Islands, located off Freetown Peninsula, are quite popular with snorkelers and divers. Tiwai Island is home to primates, turtles as well as pygmy hippos.

  • #45. Somalia
  • Capital city: Mogadishu
  • Area: 627,340 Km2 (242,217 sq. miles)
  • Population: 15,519,159

Somalia is officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia. It is a sovereign state located in the Horn of Africa. Somalia is known to have the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and also highlands. Climatically, the country is hot all year-round, with periodic monsoon winds as well as irregular rainfall. The country has been described as the “only” and the “most” homogeneous country in all of Africa in terms of culture, ethnicity, religion and linguistics.

  • #46. South Africa
  • Capital City: Pretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Capetown (Legislative)
  • Area: 1,221,038 sq km (470,900 mi²)
  • Population: 57,897,824

South Africa is located on the southernmost tip of the African continent. The country is marked by several distinct ecosystems. The inland safari destination, Kruger National Park is well populated by big game. The Western Cape of South Africa offers beaches, lush Winelands in Stellenbosch and Paarl, while craggy cliffs are found at the Cape of Good Hope. Along Garden Route there are forest and lagoons, with the city of Cape Town situated beneath flat-topped Table Mountain. The northwestern Kalahari is a semiarid savannah that is home to leopards, cheetahs and lots of game reserves. In KwaZulu-Natal province, you will find the Drakensberg Mountains as well as the Amphitheatre, a dramatic semicircular cliff with the Tugela Falls located at the top.

  • #47. South Sudan
  • Capital city: Juba
  • Area: 619,745 sq km (239,285 sq miles)
  • Population: 13,173,085

South Sudan is the youngest African nation and is officially known as the Republic of South Sudan.  It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, that was formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal, meaning “Mountain Sea”. Sudan was formerly occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty and was ruled as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence in the year 1956.

  • #48. Sudan
  • Capital city: Khartoum
  • Area: 1,886,068 square kilometers (728,215 square miles)
  • Population: 42,514,094

Sudan is officially known as the Republic of the Sudan. The country has a rich history dating back to the Pharaonic period, witnessing the kingdom of Kerma, the subsequent rule of the Egyptian New Kingdom as well as the rise of the kingdom of Kush, which would in turn control Egypt itself for close to a century. Following the fall of Kush, the Nubians formed three Christian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia, with the latter two existing till around 1500. Muslim Arabs settled in Eastern Sudan in the 7th century and they eventually push into the Nile Valley as well as the regions west of it in the 14th and 15th centuries

  • #49. Swaziland
  • Capital: Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative)
  • Area: 17,364 km² (6,704 mi²)
  • Population: 1,415,414

Swaziland is a small, landlocked monarchy in southern Africa. The country is famous for its wilderness reserves and festivals showcasing traditional Swazi culture. The Lebombo Mountains serve as backdrop for Mlawula Nature Reserve’s many hiking trails. The nearby Hlane Royal National Park is home to diverse wildlife including lions, hippos and also elephants. Other wildlife preserves in the country include Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, which shelters animals ranging from antelopes to zebras. Mkhaya Game Reserve is famous for its black and white rhinos while Malolotja National Park is home to hundreds of bird species in mountain wilderness.

  • #50. Tanzania
  • Capital: Dar es Salaam (Traditional capital) Dodoma (Location of the legislature)
  • Area: 947,300 square kilometers (364,900 mi²)
  • Population: 60,443,571

Tanzania is an East African country that is known for its vast wilderness areas. They include the plains of Serengeti National Park, a safari hotspot that is populated by elephants, lions, leopards, buffalos  and rhinos. Also, there is the Kilimanjaro National Park, where you get to see Africa’s highest mountain. In the North of Tanzania, the archaeological site of Olduvai Gorge was inhabited by the first humans about 2 million years ago. Lake Tanganyika is also the location of Jane Goodall’s primate research center, where visitors get to track chimpanzees along the shoreline.

  • #51. Togo
  • Capital city: Lomé
  • Area: 56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
  • Population: 8,136,422

Togo is a West African nation located on the Gulf of Guinea. The country is famous for its palm-lined beaches and hilltop villages. Koutammakou, an area inhabited by the Batammariba people, is a traditional settlement of fortresslike clay huts dating back to the 17th century. Very close to popular tropical beaches, Lomé, the capital city also offers a trove of local art and artifacts on display at the Togo National Museum. Fazao Malfakassa National Park is home to elephants as well as other wildlife. Close to the villages of Nano and Maproug in the far north are cave paintings that have survived for hundreds of years.

  • #52. Tunisia
  • Capital city: Tunis
  • Area: 163,610 square kilometres (63,170 square miles)
  • Population: 11,783,168

Tunisia is a country in North African. In the capital, Tunis, the Bardo Museum displays archaeological exhibits from Roman mosaics to Islamic art. The city’s medina quarter features the massive Al-Zaytuna Mosque as well as a thriving souk. To the east of Tunisia, the site of ancient Carthage features the Antonine Baths as well as other ruins, plus artifacts at the Carthage National Museum. Whitewashed coastal communities that are favored for their beaches, resorts and water sports include Monastir, which is also known for its 8th century ribat (fort), and the island Djerba, that has a traditional Jewish quarter. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, a pilgrimage site that dates to 670 A.D., is a landmark of Islamic architecture. El Djem features Roman ruins including the 3rd century amphitheater of Thysdrus, which served as set for the movie “Gladiator,” while the Berber town of Matmata as well as its subterranean desert homes appeared in scenes from the “Star Wars” films. The city of Sfax is also famous for its well preserved medina (old town) and souks.

  • #53. Uganda
  • Capital city: Kampala
  • Area: 236,040 sq km(93,065 mi²)
  • Population: 45,710,000

Uganda is an East African with a diverse landscape that encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and the immense Lake Victoria. Abundant wildlife in the country includes chimpanzees as well as rare birds. The Remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a very famous mountain gorilla sanctuary while the Murchison Falls National Park located in the northwest is known for its 43m-tall waterfall and wildlife including hippos. Queen Elizabeth National Park’s wetlands, rainforests as well as rolling plains shelter big game such as lions and elephants in the southwestern part of the country. You can hike and climb in Mount Elgon National Park, whose namesake extinct volcano rises as high as 4,300m above the park’s caves and hot springs. The capital, Kampala, is home to the Uganda Museum, where the country’s tribal heritage is explored and the city’s Lubiri Palace served as seat of the Buganda Kingdom.

  • #54. Zambia
  • Capital city: Lusaka
  • Area: 752,614 sq km ( 290,586 sq miles)
  • Population: 18,001,294

This South African country has a rugged terrain and diverse wildlife, with several parks and safari areas. The famous Victoria Falls, indigenously called Mosi-oa-Tunya, or “Smoke That Thunders” let’s you plunge 108m into narrow Batoka Gorge. Spanning the Zambezi River and lying just below the falls is Victoria Falls Bridge, a spectacular viewpoint. At the falls’ edge is Devil’s Pool, where you can swim in the


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